Diet and lifestyle topics in hypothyroidism


Can certain foods increase or decrease underactive thyroid functions? Generally, there`s no diet for patients with hypothyroidis. Although claims about hypothyroidism diets abound, there’s no evidence that eating or avoiding certain foods will improve thyroid function in people with hypothyroidism.

However, adequate dietary iodine is essential for normal thyroid function. In developed countries, thyroid disease from iodine deficiency has been nearly eliminated by iodine additives in salt and food. Eating a balanced diet makes taking supplemental iodine unnecessary.

But still, many concerns such as these below, appear in the work experience with patients who have hypothyroidism.


I love to drink coffee, but I also take thyroid hormone replacement medication prescribed by my doctor. Should I stay away from caffeine?

You should not to take your medication with a coffee. Because there is some evidence that coffee can interfere with the intestinal absorption of thyroid hormone medication, would be better to drink coffee at least an hour after taking you medication.


Can a glass of wine have an impact on the thyroid hormone replacement medictaion that I take?

A glass of wine should not interfere the acting of your thyroid hormone medication. Only active drinkers with underactive thyroid should be consciously guided by their doctors.


I take birth control pills and the thyroid hormone medication. Will the last one not to reduce the effects of this oral contraception?

If you take oral contraceptives on a regular basis and you are still having your monthly cycles and also – the dose of the thyroid hormone medication is covering your demands, there are no contraindications to use this type of contraception.

But because of the risk of imbalance of your hormones due to suppressing the endocrine system, you should be updated on this by your gynecologist and endocrinologist regularly.

Lactose Intolerance

I have been diagnosed with lactose intolerance. Will my recent thyroid hormone replacement medication cause some problems with that?

Lactose intolerance anamnesis is one of the first step before starting thyroid hormone replacement medication. You physician should ask you if you are lactose intolerant. Some of the appropriately prescribed treatments in underactive thyroid will be impaired or not be absorbed by your body, because of the lactose intolerance and the treatment will not resolve your problems. Report to your endocrinologist that you are lactose intolerant.

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