First aid: a practical guide


Do or don’t? How to deal with first aid? It is one of these basic abilities we all should be aware of. Using basic first aid, you may be able to stop a minor mishap from getting worse. In the case of a serious medical emergency, you may even save a life.

Providing the first aid in Poland is regulated by law. According to Art. 3. subpara. 7. of the Medical Rescue Act of 8 September 2006, in Republic of Poland, if you are giving the first aid you are the first survival chain link. Therefore, first aid issues are our principles and good will as well as law regulations.

What is a first aid?

When you provide basic medical care to someone experiencing a sudden injury or illness, it’s known as first aid. This support might help them survive until professional help arrives. In other cases, first aid consists of the care provided to someone with a minor injury. For example, first aid is often all that’s needed to treat minor burns, cuts and insect stings.

What should I do when I witness an emergency situation?

1. Check the scene for danger

Search for anything that might be dangerous, like signs of fire, falling debris or violent people. If your safety is at risk, remove yourself from the area and call for help. If the scene is safe, assess the condition of the sick or injured person. Don’t move them unless you must do so to protect them from danger.

2. Call for medical help if needed

Tell a nearby person to call the 112 or if you are alone, make the call yourself.

3. Provide care

If you can do so safely, remain with the sick or injured person until professional help arrives. Cover them with a warm blanket, comfort them and try to keep them calm. If you have basic first aid skills, try to treat any potentially life-threatening injuries they have. Remove yourself from danger if at any point in the situation you think your safety might be at risk.


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